SHEMAIAH (late first century B.C.E.), the colleague of avtalyon (see zugot ). In talmudic sources they are usually mentioned together. They are described as having taught in the same bet midrash (Yoma 35b), cooperating in an exemplary fashion. Like Avtalyon, Shemaiah was said to have been a convert to Judaism, descended from Sennacherib (Git. 57b; cf. TJ, Mak. 3:1, 81d). Those who identify Avtalyon with Pollio mentioned by Josephus, identify Shemaiah with Samaias, as one of the Pharisee leaders in the time of Herod. Shemaiah's dictum (Avot 1:10), "Love work, hate lordship, and seek no intimacy with the ruling power," probably reflects his attitude to the government of his time, and accords with Josephus' statement about Pollio (see avtalyon ). Shemaiah and Avtalyon administered the soṭah rite, presumably within the framework of the Temple ritual (Eduyot 5:6). In an early discussion of faith and belief in rabbinic literature, Avtalyon expresses the view "that the faith in God of the children of Israel in Egypt sufficed for the Red Sea to be divided for them," while Shemaiah holds that this merit stemmed from Abraham's faith in God (Mekh. 2, 3). The late report that Shemaiah and Avtalyon were darshanim gedolim (masters of homiletical exposition) would seem to be anachronistic (Friedman, Netiot le-David, 234). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Buechler, Das Synhedrion in Jerusalem, 178–81 (1902); S. Zeitlin, in: Journal of Jewish Lore and Philosophy, 1 (1919), 63–67; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 3 (19502), 228f., 253–5; E.E. Urbach, in: Tarbiz, 27 (1957/58), 175. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Friedman, in: Netiot le-David, Festschrift in Honor of David Weiss Halivni (2004). (Bialik Myron Lerner / Stephen G. Wald (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • SHEMAIAH — (Heb. שְׁמַעְיָהוּ, שְׁמַעְיָה), a prophet in the days of Solomon s son, Rehoboam king of Judah (I Kings 12:22–24 and the parallel passage in II Chron. 11:2–4; 12:5–8, 15). Shemaiah is associated with two events, one at the beginning of, the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemaiah — Sh maya is a Hebrew from shem and aya : Sky, figuratively, the height or farthest extent of anything. From the particle shem, deriving from the ancient Semitic root ShM name, light, sound, vibration, atmosphere. The aya ending indicates that it… …   Wikipedia

  • Shemaiah —    1) (fl. 5th cent, BCE)    Israelite false prophet. During the rebuilding of the walls of Jerusalem, Shemaiah was hired by Tobiah and Sanballat to persuade Nehemiah to hide from his enemies in the Temple; their plan was to expose him as an… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • SHEMAIAH OF TROYES — (11th century), French scholar. Shemaiah was one of rashi s closest pupils and appears to have been the father in law of Rashi s grandson, samuel b. meir . Shemaiah helped Rashi edit his responsa and afterward collected and assembled them from… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Shemaiah of Soissons — was a Jewish scholar of the 12th century, a pupil of Rashi. He was the author of the following works: * Sodot or Midrash, notes on the construction of the Tabernacle as described in Ex. xxv. xxvi. It was edited on the basis of the Munich… …   Wikipedia

  • Shemaiah (prophet) — Shemaiah was a prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (I Kings 12:22 24). He is venerated as a saint in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church on January 9. He is best known for two events: * Preventing Rehoboam from war with Jeroboam 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Shemaiah — noun a) One of several people in the Tanakh, and Christian Old Testament: b) A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:22 24) …   Wiktionary

  • Shemaiah —    Whom Jehovah heard.    1) A prophet in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:22 24).    2) Neh. 3:29.    3) A Simeonite (1 Chr. 4:37).    4) A priest (Neh. 12:42).    5) A Levite (1 Chr. 9:16).    6) 1 Chr. 9:14; Neh. 11:15.    7) A Levite in the… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Book of Shemaiah the Prophet — The Book of Shemaiah the Prophet is one of the lost books of the Old Testament. It was probably written by the Biblical Prophet Shemaiah, who lived at the time of Rehoboam. The book is described at bibleverse|2|Chronicles|12:15|HE. The passage… …   Wikipedia

  • ELIJAH BEN SHEMAIAH — (fl. 11th century), liturgical poet in Bari, southern Italy. He was one of the most prolific poets of the Italian school. He composed about 40 seliḥot, most of them strophic, which have remained in manuscripts and old editions; some were included …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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